Implement the 10-year framework of programmes on sustainable consumption and production, all countries taking action, with developed countries taking the lead, taking into account the development and capabilities of developing countries12.1.1 Number of countries developing, adopting or implementing policy instruments aimed at supporting the shift to sustainable consumption and production
By 2030, achieve the sustainable management and efficient use of natural resources.12.2.1 Material footprint, material footprint per capita and material footprint per GDP
  12.2.2 Domestic material consumption, domestic material consumption per capita, and domestic material consumption per GDP
By 2030, halve per capita global food waste at the retail and consumer levels and reduce food losses along production and supply chains, including post-harvest losses.12.3.1 (a) Food loss index and (b) food waste index
By 2020, achieve the environmentally sound management of chemicals and all wastes throughout their life cycle, in accordance with agreed international frameworks, and significantly reduce their release to air, water and soil in order to minimize their adverse impacts on human health and the environment.12.4.1 Number of Parties to international multilateral environmental agreements on hazardous, and other chemicals that meet their commitments and obligations in transmitting information as required by each relevant agreement
  12.4.2 (a) Hazardous waste generated per capita; and (b) proportion of hazardous waste treated, by type of treatment
By 2030, substantially reduce waste generation through prevention, reduction, recycling and reuse.12.5.1 National recycling rate, tons of material recycled
Encourage companies, especially large and transnational companies, to adopt sustainable practices and to integrate sustainability information into their reporting cycle.12.6.1 Number of companies publishing sustainability reports
Promote public procurement practices that are sustainable, in accordance with national policies and priorities.12.7.1 Degree of sustainable public procurement policies and action plan implementation
By 2030, ensure that people everywhere have the relevant information and awareness for sustainable development and lifestyles in harmony with nature12.8.1 Extent to which (i) global citizenship education and (ii) education for sustainable development (including climate change education) are mainstreamed in (a) national education policies; (b) curricula; (c) teacher education; and (d) student assessment
Support developing countries to strengthen their scientific and technological capacity to move towards more sustainable patterns of consumption and production.12.a.1 Installed renewable energy-generating capacity in developing countries (in watts per capita)
Develop and implement tools to monitor sustainable development impacts for sustainable tourism that creates jobs and promotes local culture and products.12.b.1 Implementation of standard accounting tools to monitor the economic and environmental aspects of tourism sustainability
     Rationalize inefficient fossil-fuel subsidies that encourage wasteful consumption by removing market distortions, in accordance with national circumstances, including by restructuring taxation and phasing out those harmful subsidies, where they exist, to reflect their environmental impacts, taking fully into account their specific needs and conditions of developing countries and minimizing the possible adverse impacts on their development in a manner that protects the poor and the affected communities12.c.1 Amount of fossil-fuel subsidies per unit of GDP (production and consumption)

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